[original article in BBC Farsi]
On June 10th, a senior official who asked to remain anonymous stated that: “as expected, after the Lausanne [negotiations], the next part of this process will be very difficult because we get into the details.
Since the general agreement on April 2nd between Iran and the P5+1, all parties have been working towards a comprehensive agreement to be signed by June 30th. However, it is said that there are still some unresolved key issues remaining, such as the lifting of sanctions, and the inspection of nuclear facilities or potentially related military facilities.
On June 9th, The Europe Union stated that Helga Schmidt, the political director, and Abbas Araghchi and Majid Takht Ravanchi, Iran’s representatives, will meet on June 10th in Vienna, Austria for further negotiations, than other officials will join later in the week.
An American official said, the parties are discussing the details of accessing Iran’s military centers. He went on to say: “we know that as long as we do not resolve the issue of verification by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), in any form, there will not be an agreement and this includes having managed access to a range of facilities and locations.” He added that all the individuals in the [negotiation] room are focused on June 30th, and it will not help anyone if these difficult decisions are pushed back [to a later date].
Based on the Lausanne agreement, Iran has agreed to implement the additional protocol in principle. Implementation of this additional protocol will give more access to Iran’s facilities than compared to what the IAEA inspectors have now. According to the IAEA General Director, Yukiya Amano, inspections on some military installations can be part of the additional protocol. However, Iran’s Supreme Leader is opposed to this condition. Ayatollah Khamenei has said: “we will not allow our military centers to be inspected by foreigners.”
Other Iranian officials [from] conservative institutions have reiterated this view. On June 5th Masoud Jazayer, deputy general of Iran’s armed forces said: “we won’t allow any inspection of our military centers even on a limited and controlled basis.”
On June 8th Tony Blinken, US Deputy Secretary of State, stated that the US would not accept an agreement that would not give access to each of Iran’s (nuclear) sites, which is necessary to confirm the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program. However, American media has reported that the US representatives in the negotiating room have not demanded immediate access to those sites.
According to the Los Angeles Times, the P5+1 have insisted that they are ready to have a special committee to spend enough time to investigate and assess the evidence against Iran before an inspection [begins]. The proposed inspection by the P5+1 will be based on the evaluation by this special committee. This committee will consist of representatives from each of the six powers, Iran, and possibly the European Union. Permitting access to the military site(s) will only be issued if the majority of the committee confirms it.